Stress may have an effect on many aspects of your life, including your mental and physical health as well as your emotions, actions, and capacity to think clearly. There is no protected area on the body.
However, since individuals react to stress in a variety of ways, the symptoms of stress might range from person to person. Sometimes the symptoms are hard to pinpoint, and they may be identical to those produced by other medical illnesses. Therefore, it is essential to address them with your primary care physician. According to Gratitude Lodge one or more of the following signs of stress may be present in you.
- Central nervous and endocrine systems
Your body’s “fight or flight” reaction is controlled by your central nervous system, often known as the CNS. The hypothalamus in your brain is the one that sets everything in motion, sending messages to your adrenal glands to cause them to secrete the stress chemicals adrenaline and cortisol.
These hormones quicken the pace of your pulse and direct blood flow to regions of your body that are most in need of it during a crisis, such as your muscles, your heart, and other vital organs. When the perceived threat is no longer there, the hypothalamus should signal to all other systems to resume their usual functioning. The reaction will persist if the central nervous system is unable to return to normal or if the source of stress is not eliminated.
- Respiratory and cardiovascular systems
Your respiratory and cardiovascular systems will be affected by the chemicals that stress produces. During the stress reaction, your breathing becomes more rapid so that you can more efficiently deliver oxygen-rich blood to your muscles and organs.
Stress may make it much more difficult to breathe for those who already struggle with respiratory conditions such as asthma or emphysema. When you’re under pressure, your heart rate also increases. The hormones that are produced in response to stress force your blood vessels to contract, which directs more oxygen to the muscles in your body, so giving you the power to act. However, this also causes an increase in your blood pressure.
- Digestive system
When you’re under a lot of pressure, your liver will create more glucose, which will give you an additional burst of energy. If you’re constantly stressed out, your body may not be able to keep up with the increased glucose demand that this causes. Your chance of acquiring type 2 diabetes may be increased if you are under chronic stress.
Your digestive tract may become unsettled due to the surge of hormones, as well as your fast breathing and elevated heart rate. Because of the rise in stomach acid, you may experience symptoms such as heartburn or acid reflux more often. Stress does not directly cause ulcers; rather, a bacterium known as H. pylori is more likely to be the culprit. However, stress may make you more susceptible to developing ulcers and can make existing ulcers worse.
- Muscular system
When you’re under a lot of mental or emotional strain, your muscles will tighten up to guard against being hurt. They have a propensity to release once again once you rest, but if you are always under stress, it is possible that your muscles may never have the opportunity to relax.
Headaches, back discomfort, shoulder pain, and general body pains may all be caused by muscles that are too tight. As time passes, this might kick off a chain reaction of undesirable behaviours, such as giving up physical activity and relying on pain medication for comfort.
- Sexuality and reproductive system
Both the body and the mind get worn out when exposed to stress. When you’re under persistent stress, it’s not uncommon to find that you lose your interest for things. Although males may experience increased production of the male hormone testosterone in response to brief periods of stress, this impact is only temporary.
If a guy is under a significant amount of stress for an extended period of time, his testosterone levels may begin to plummet. Because of this, sperm production may be hindered, and men may have erectile dysfunction or impotence. The risk of infection for male reproductive systems including the prostate and testes may also be increased when someone is under chronic stress.